Vacuum in Heat Treatment Processes and equipments

Stolař Pavel - ECOSOND s.r.o. (Czech Republic)

Vacuum or low pressure is widely used in the heat treatment of metals to avoid unwanted surface reactions such as oxidation and decarburization of machine parts or to support required chemical reactions such as carburising by low pressure carburising or nitriding.

The paper presents typical applications of vacuum or low pressure heat treatment technologies, state of the art and the expected development of processes and equipment.

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